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Health Well

From job stress to intention to leave among hospital nurses: A structural equation modelling approach

Abstract Aims To examine the structural relationships linking job stress to leaving intentions through job satisfaction, depressed mood and stress adaptation among hospital nurses. Background High turnover among nurses is a global concern. Structural relat ...

Structured nurse-led follow-up for patients after discharge from the intensive care unit: prospective quasi-experimental study

Abstract Aims To describe a structured three-month nurse-led follow-up of patients after discharge from intensive care and measure its effects on health status. Background Patients requiring intensive care stay frequently have lengthy and incomplete recove ...

Mandated reporters experiences with reporting child maltreatment: a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies

Objective To systematically search for research about the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of child maltreatment and to synthesise qualitative research that explores mandated reporters’ (MRs) experiences with reporting. ...

Better early functional outcome after short stem total hip arthroplasty? A prospective blinded randomised controlled multicentre trial comparing the Collum Femoris Preserving stem with a Zweymuller straight cementless stem total hip replacement for the tr

Objectives Primary aim was to compare the functional results at 3 months and 2 years between short and conventional cementless stem total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondary aim was to determine the feasibility of a double-blind implant-related trial. ...

Awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis against HIV infection among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing for HIV in Taiwan: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey

Objectives We aimed to investigate the awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV in Taiwan, where PrEP is currently not reimbursed by the insurance. Methods B ...

Emotional reactions in parents of the youth who experienced the Utoya shooting on 22 July 2011; results from a cohort study

Objective and setting The objective of this study was to provide knowledge about the emotional reactions in parents whose offspring experienced a mass shooting on Utøya island in Norway in 2011. The research questions included whether parents’ reactions we ...

'What does that mean?: a qualitative exploration of the primary and secondary clinical care experiences of young people with continence problems in the UK

Objectives To explore the clinical care experiences of young people with continence problems. Design In-depth semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted by Skype and telephone, with the addition of art-based participatory research techniques. Tra ...

Non-invasive brain stimulation interventions for management of chronic central neuropathic pain: a scoping review protocol

Introduction Pain can affect people regardless of age, gender or ethnicity. Chronic central neuropathic pain (CCNP) is a debilitating condition that affects populations such as stroke survivors, amputees, spinal cord injury patients and patients with multi ...

Protocol for a cohort study of adolescent mental health service users with a nested cluster randomised controlled trial to assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of managed transition in improving transitions from child to adult mental health services

Introduction Disruption of care during transition from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) to adult mental health services may adversely affect the health and well-being of service users. The MILESTONE (Managing the Link and Strengthening T ...

Effectiveness and meaningful use of paediatric surgical safety checklists and their implementation strategies: a systematic review with narrative synthesis

Objective To examine the effectiveness and meaningful use of paediatric surgical safety checklists (SSCs) and their implementation strategies through a systematic review with narrative synthesis. Summary background data Since the launch of the WHO SSC, che ...

Association between polypharmacy and falls in older adults: a longitudinal study from England

Objectives Assess the longitudinal association between polypharmacy and falls and examine the differences in this association by different thresholds for polypharmacy definitions in a nationally representative sample of adults aged over 60 years from Engla ...

Stigma among Singaporean youth: a cross-sectional study on adolescent attitudes towards serious mental illness and social tolerance in a multiethnic population

Objectives Stigma against mental illnesses is one of the significant obstacles faced by mental health service users and providers. It can develop at a young age and is also influenced by culture. Youths in Southeast Asian countries are under-represented in ...

Potentially inappropriate prescribing and its association with health outcomes in middle-aged people: a prospective cohort study in Ireland

Objectives To determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in a cohort of community-dwelling middle-aged people and assess the relationship between PIP and emergency department (ED) visits, general practitioner (GP) visits and qu ...

Associations between major chain fast-food outlet availability and change in body mass index: a longitudinal observational study of women from Victoria, Australia

Objectives The residential neighbourhood fast-food environment has the potential to lead to increased levels of obesity by providing opportunities for residents to consume energy-dense products. This longitudinal study aimed to examine whether change in bo ...

Drugs and life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia risk: results from the DARE study cohort

Objectives To establish a unique sample of proarrhythmia cases, determine the characteristics of cases and estimate the contribution of individual drugs to the incidence of proarrhythmia within these cases. Setting Suspected proarrhythmia cases were referr ...

Health education for patients with acute coronary syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses

Objectives This umbrella review aimed to identify the current evidence on health education-related interventions for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM); identify the educational content, delivery methods, inten ...

Impact of internal carotid endarterectomy on visual fields: a non-randomised prospective cohort study in Austria

Purpose The goal of this study was to determine whether internal carotid endarterectomy is associated with visual field changes. ...

Association between malignancies and Marfan syndrome: a population-based, nested case-control study in Taiwan

Objective Marfan syndrome (MFS) involves a deficiency of the structural extracellular matrix component fibrillin-1 and overactivation of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling pathway. The TGF-β signalling pathway also actively participates in ...

Effectiveness of an electronic patient-centred self-management tool for gout sufferers: a cluster randomised controlled trail protocol

Introduction Gout is increasing despite effective therapies to lower serum urate concentrations to 0.36 mmol/L or less, which, if sustained, significantly reduces acute attacks of gout. Adherence to urate-lowering therapy (ULT) is poor, with rates of less ...

Nature-based care opportunities and barriers in oncology contexts: a modified international e-Delphi survey

Objective To develop recommendations regarding opportunities and barriers for nature-based care in oncology contexts using a structured knowledge generation process involving relevant healthcare and design experts. ...

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