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Training health professionals in smoking cessation

Creator:

Lancaster, T. and Godfrey Fowler, G.

Subject Keywords: Review of the effectiveness of providing training to health care professionals in the delivery of smoking cessation interventions to patients
Topic: Chronic Conditions
Type: Article
Region: International (other)
Description:

There is good evidence that brief interventions from health professionals can increase rates of smoking cessation. A number of trials have examined whether specific skills training for health professionals leads them to have greater success in helping their patients who smoke. Objectives The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness of training health care professionals to deliver smoking cessation interventions to their patients, and to assess the additional effects of prompts and reminders to the health professional to intervene. Randomised trials in which the intervention was training of health care professionals in smoking cessation were included. Trials were considered if they reported outcomes for patient smoking rates at least six months after the intervention. We reported on process outcomes, but we excluded trials that reported effects only on process outcomes and not smoking behaviour. The main outcome measures were 1. Rates of abstinence from smoking after at least six months follow-up in patients smoking at baseline. 2. Rates of performance of tasks of smoking cessation by health care professionals including offering counselling, setting quit dates, giving follow-up appointments, distributing self-help materials and recommending nicotine gum. Healthcare professionals who had received training were more likely to perform tasks of smoking cessation than untrained controls. Of eight studies that compared patient smoking behaviour between trained professionals and controls, six found no effect of intervention. The effects of training on process outcomes increased if prompts and reminders were used.

Date:

24/07/2000

Rights: © The Cochrane Collaboration
Suggested citation:

Lancaster, T. and Godfrey Fowler, G.. (2000) Training health professionals in smoking cessation [Online]. Available from: http://publichealthwell.ie/node/4460 [Accessed: 20th November 2019].

  

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