menu ☰
menu ˟

Rules, routines, and expectations of 11 high school physical education teachers


O'Sullivan, Mary; Dyson, Ben;

Institution: Human Kinetics
Subject Keywords: physical education; discipline; teachers; routines;

Management of conduct has been considered the number one concern facing
American schools (Gallup, 1988). Principals are concerned with the numbers of
daily discipline problems, and reports indicate the average class is disruptive
enough to have significantly impaired student progress (Vogler & Bishop, 1990).
The National Education Association (NEA) reported that 44% of teachers in
public schools saw more disruptive classroom behavior in schools during 1986-
1987 than in the previous 5 years (Office of Educational Research and Improvement
[OERI], 1987). Hoerr and West (1991) commented that "the persistent
prevalence of student misbehavior is a major school problem" (p. 1). Concern
for teachers' control of their learning environments has been expressed at national
conferences (Ballinger, 1992). Yet, despite the concern of teachers and administrators
for the seemingly growing discipline problems in American schools (OERI,
1987), little research has been conducted on student discipline (Fernandez-Balboa,
1991; Henkel, 1991; Vogler & Bishop, 1990).
Good and Brophy (1986) found that achievement was greater where serious
misbehaviors were uncommon and where teacher praise during classroom discussions
was frequent. Higher achieving teachers utilized better management strategies
and spent less time on transitions and discipline activity. Doyle (1986) noted that
master teachers were relatively free from student deviance, were aware of what
was going on in their classrooms, and communicated their awareness to prevent
the spread of off-task behavior. Such effective discipline increased students' opportunities
for learning. In a study of elementary teachers' perceptions of discipline,
Brophy and Rohrkemper (1981) reported that teachers generally saw internal student
factors rather than themselves as the cause of discipline problems, and teachers did
not perceive handling behavior problems as part of their teaching.

Suggested citation:

O'Sullivan, Mary; Dyson, Ben; . () Rules, routines, and expectations of 11 high school physical education teachers [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 18th June 2019].


View your saved citations and reading lists


Click here to view all the resources gathered from this organisation's website.