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Campbell Reviews

Home Visits for Prevention of Impairment and Death in Older Adults: A Systematic Review

Grant, S., et al Home visits, Older adults, Cognitive function, Functional impairment Home visits by health and social care professionals aim to prevent cognitive and functional impairment, thus reducing institutionalisation and prolonging life. Visitors ...

Kinship Care for the Safety, Permanency, and Well-Being of Children Removed from the Home for Maltreatment: A Systematic Review

Winokur, M. Foster care placement, Safety, Well-being, Children, Removal from home, Maltreatment. Every year a large number of children around the world are removed from their homes because they are maltreated. Child welfare agencies are responsible for p ...

Educational and Skills-Based Interventions for Preventing Relationship and Dating Violence in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review

Fellmeth, G. et al Educational skills-based intervention, Relationship, Dating, Violence, Adolescent, Young adult Educational and skills-based interventions are often used to prevent relationship and dating violence among young people. Systematic Reviews ...

Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents Who Have Been Sexually Abused: A Systematic Review

Parker, B. and Turner, W. To assess the effectiveness of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused. The sexual abuse of children and adolescents is a significant worldwide problem. It is associat ...

Pre-Graduation Transition Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes

westbrook, JD., et al To determine the effectiveness of pre-graduation interventions aimed at persons with autism spectrum disorders to shape behaviors, social interactions, and/or skills that result in employment in mainstream competitive employment sett ...

Interventions for Promoting Reintegration and Reducing Harmful Behaviour and Lifestyles in Street-connected Children and Young People: A Systematic Review

Coren, E., et al Interventions, Street-connected children Numbers of street-connected children and young people run into many millions worldwide and include children and young people who live or work in street environments. Whether or not they remain conn ...

Unemployment Benefit Exhaustion: Incentive Effects on Job Finding Rates: A Systematic Review

Filges, T., et al To study the impact of exhaustion of unemployment benefits In order to reduce unemployment levels, policymakers may wish to reduce the generosity of the unemployment system. While it may be politically intractable to lower the amount of ...

Interventions to Reduce Distress in Adult Victims of Sexual Violence and Rape: A Systematic Review

Regehr, C., et al Psychotherapeutic interventions, Symptoms of distress, Trauma, Victims, Sexual assault, Rape Beginning with the articulation of Rape Trauma Syndrome (Burgess 1974), the traumatic aftermath of sexual assault on victims has become a focus ...

Housing Improvements for Health and Associated Socio-economic Outcomes

Thomson, H., et al Social impact, Residents, Housing, Living standards The well established links between poor housing and poor health indicate that housing improvement may be an important mechanism through which public investment can lead to health impro ...

Interventions in Developing Nations for Improving Primary and Secondary School Enrollment of Children: A Systematic Review

Petrosino, A., et al Education BACKGROUND Education is considered critical to economic development and social welfare in developing nations. In light of compelling evidence that links expanded education systems and socioeconomic development while highligh ...

The Effectiveness of Incarceration-Based Drug Treatment on Criminal Behavior

Mitchell, O., Wilson, D. and Layton MacKenzie, D. Effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment programs in reducing post-release recidivism and drug relapse Many, if not most, incarcerated offenders have substance abuse problems. Without effective ...

Workplace Disability Management Programs Promoting Return to Work

Gensby, U., et al Effectiveness of workplace disability management programs This report presents a Campbell systematic review on the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs (WPDM programs) promoting return to work (RTW), as implemented a ...

Social Skills Groups for People Aged 6 to 21 with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

Reichow, B., Steiner, A. and Volkmar, F. Systematic Reviews Campbell Reviews https://www.campbellcollaboration.org/library/social-skills-groups-people-aged-6-to-21-autism-spectrum-disorders.html © The Campbell Collaboration 1 September 2012 Article Other ...

Social skills group for individuals with autism spectrum disorders

Reichow, B., Steiner, A. and Volkmar, F. To determine the effectiveness of social skills groups for improving social competence, social communication, and quality of life for people with ASD who are six to 21 years of age Since autism was first described, ...

Parent-training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health

Barlow, J., Coren, E. and Stewart-Brown, S. To address whether group-based parenting programmes are effective in improving parental psychosocial wellbeing Parental psychosocial health can have a significant effect on the parent-child relationship, with co ...

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for children who have been sexually abused

Macdonald, G., Higgins, J. and Ramchandani, P. Cognitive-behavioural, Sexual abuse, Children, Young people Despite differences in how it is defined, there is a general consensus amongst clinicians and researchers that the sexual abuse of children and adol ...

Interview and interrogation methods and their effects on investigative outcomes

Meissner, C., et al Interviewing, Interrogation methods The interviewing and interrogation of suspects can be particularly important to securing convictions against the guilty and freeing the wrongly accused. There are two general methods of questioning s ...

Behavioural and cognitive-behavioural group-based parenting programmes for early-onset conduct problems in children aged 3 to 12 years

Furlong, M., et al Cost-effectiveness, Behavioural, Cognitive-behaviour, Parenting programmes, Child conduct problems, Parental mental health Parenting skills Early-onset child conduct problems are common and costly. A large number of studies and some pre ...

Police strategies for reducing illegal possession and carrying of firearms

Koper, C. and Mayo-Wilson, E. This review examines the impacts of police strategies to reduce illegal possession and carrying of firearms on gun crime Criminal misuse of firearms is among the world’s most serious crime problems. Strategies to reduce gun v ...

Indicated truancy interventions: Effects on school attendance among chronic truant students

Maynard, B.R., et al Intervention, School attendance, Policy, Practice, Research Truancy is a significant problem in the U.S. and in other countries around the world. Truancy has been linked to serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, fa ...