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Cochrane Reviews

Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure

http://thehealthwell.info/search-results/legislative-smoking-bans-reducing-harms-secondhand-smoke-exposure-smoking-prevalence- Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Passive smoking, Tobac ...

Legislative smoking bans for reducing harms from secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption

10.1002/14651858.CD005992.pub3 Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Tobacco Smoking bans have been implemented in a variety of settings, as well as being part of policy in many jurisdict ...

Effectiveness of different treatment modalities for the management of adult-onset granulosa cell tumours of the ovary (primary and recurrent)

Gurumurthy, M. et al Treatment modality, Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), Ovary, Tumor Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) of the ovary are rare ovarian tumours (2% to 5% of all ovarian cancers). Most ovarian tumours arise from the outer surface layer of the ovar ...

Systemic treatments for the prevention of venous thrombo-embolic events in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled central venous catheters

Schoot, RA., et al To investigate the effects of preventive systemic treatments in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled CVCs on (a)symptomatic VTE Children with cancer are at higher risk of thrombosis than children without cancer. This is a result of ...

Supraglottic airway devices versus tracheal intubation for airway management during general anaesthesia in obese patients

Nicholson, A., et al To examine whether supraglottic airway devices can be used as a safe and effective alternative to tracheal intubation in securing the airway during general anaesthesia in obese patients (with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2) Pat ...

Supported employment for adults with severe mental illness

Kinoshita, Y., et al To review the effectiveness of supported employment compared with other approaches to vocational rehabilitation or treatment as usual People with mental health problems experience high rates of unemployment. There are various schemes ...

Search strategies to identify diagnostic accuracy studies in MEDLINE and EMBASE

Beynon, R., et al To systematically review empirical studies that report the development or evaluation, or both, of methodological search filters designed to retrieve DTA studies in MEDLINE and EMBASE A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performe ...

Perioperative nutrition interventions for women with ovarian cancer

Billson, HA., et al This review was conducted to assess the effects of nutrition interventions during the perioperative period for women with ovarian cancer Women who have ovarian cancer, (a cancer which develops in the two organs (ovaries) that produce e ...

Media-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy and behavioural therapy (self-help) for anxiety disorders in adults

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Interventions for managing relapse of the lower front teeth after orthodontic treatment

Yu, Y., et al Orthodontic treatment, Teeth, Oral Health Review question The main question addressed by this review is how effective are fixed braces or removable retainers for managing relapse of lower front teeth after orthodontic treatment, compared to ...

Interventions for helping people adhere to compression treatments for venous leg ulceration

Weller, C., et al Venous leg ulcer, Compression therapy Venous leg ulcers take weeks- or months- to heal, cause distress, and are very costly for health services. Although compression, using bandages or stockings, helps healing and prevents recurrence, ma ...

Early versus delayed dressing removal after primary closure of clean and clean-contaminated surgical wounds

Toon, CD., et al Dressing, Surgical incision site, Early dressing removal, Infection Most surgical procedures involve a cut in the skin that allows the surgeon to gain access to the deeper tissues or organs. Most surgical wounds are closed fully at the en ...

Cognitive behavioural therapies for fibromyalgia

Bernardy, K., et al Cognitive behavioural therapies (CBTs), Fibromyalgia (FM) Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of research about the effects of cognitive-behavioural therapies (CBTs) on fibromyalgia (FM). After searching for al ...

Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema

gu, S., et al Oral ingestion, Topical application, CHM, Eczema, Children, Adult Atopic eczema (eczema in short) is a common skin condition, where skin changes occur and cause redness, scaling, swelling, and skin thickening due to chronic scratching. It is ...

Post-surgical chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastric cancer

Diaz-Nieto, R., et al To determine whether post-surgical chemotherapy should be used routinely in resectable gastric cancer Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery is the only curative treatment offered to pat ...

Interventions for the reduction of prescribed opioid use in chronic non-cancer pain

Windmill, J., et al Opioid use, Management, Chronic non-cancer pain About 1 in 5 adults suffer from moderate or severe chronic pain that is not caused by cancer. Some people with this type of pain are treated with opioids (typically with drugs like morphi ...

Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for amphetamine abuse or dependence

Pérez-Mañá, P., et al Psychostimulant medication, Amphetamine abuse, Dependence Amphetamine dependence constitutes a public health problem with many consequences and complications. Amphetamine abuse refers to a maladaptive and hazardous pattern of use con ...

Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute gallstone pancreatitis

Selvan Gurusamy, K., et al Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Acute biliary pancreatitis The pancreas is an abdominal organ that secretes several digestive juices which help in the digestion of food. It also lodges t ...

Routine vaginal examinations for assessing progress of labour to improve outcomes for women and babies at term

Downe, S., et al o compare the effectiveness, acceptability and consequences of digital vaginal examination(s) (alone or within the context of the partogram) with other strategies, or different timings, to assess progress during labour at term For a baby ...

Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...