Chronic Conditions Special Interest Group

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Welcome to the Chronic Conditions Special Interest Group

Chronic diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. Chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing 63% of all deaths.

Between 2007 and 2020, the burden of chronic conditions is expected to increase dramatically in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. By 2020:

 • The number of adults with these chronic conditions will increase by around 40% in the Republic of Ireland and by around 30% in Northern Ireland.

 • Relatively more (compared to 2007) of the burden of these conditions will be borne by adults in the older age groups.

Larger increases are expected in the Republic of Ireland because its population is projected to grow more than Northern Ireland’s population.

Except for diabetes, these forecasts do not incorporate changes in lifestyle factors such as obesity and smoking.



Balanda, K.P., Barron, S., Fahy, L., McLaughlin, A. Making Chronic Conditions Count: Hypertension, Stroke, Coronary Heart Disease, Diabetes. A systematic approach to estimating and forecasting population prevalence on the island of Ireland. Dublin: Institute of Public Health in Ireland, 2010.