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Temporal trends in female breast cancer mortality in Brazil and correlations with social inequalities: ecological time-series study

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cause of death from cancer in women in less developed regions. Therefore, the objective of this study was to provide data on the temporal trends in female breast cancer mortality between 1990 and 2011 and to eva ...

Assessing care providers’ perceptions and beliefs about physical activity in infants and toddlers: baseline findings from the Baby NAP SACC study

Background: As children now spend increasing amounts of time in out-of-home care, care providers play an important role in promoting positive health behaviors. Little is currently known about providers? perceptions and beliefs about physical activity, part ...

Molecular characterization and copy number of SMN1, SMN2 and NAIP in Chinese patients with spinal muscular atrophy and unrelated healthy controls

Background: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is caused by SMN1 dysfunction, and the copy number of SMN2 and NAIP can modify the phenotype of SMA. The aim of this study was to analyze the copy numbers and gene structures of SMA-related genes in Chinese SMA pat ...

Synovial fluid pharmacokinetics of tulathromycin, gamithromycin and florfenicol after a single subcutaneous dose in cattle

Background: Deep digital septic conditions represent some of the most refractory causes of severe lameness in cattle. The objective of this study was to determine the distribution of tulathromycin, gamithromycin and florfenicol into the synovial fluid of t ...

Filariasis serosurvey, New Caledonia, South Pacific, 2013

Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a major public health problem in the Pacific. As the global prevalence of infection was not known in New Caledonia (NC), a serosurvey study was conducted by determining the prevalence of circulating filarial antigen ...

A cross-sectional, population-based study of HIV physicians and outpatient health care use by people with HIV in Ontario

Background: People with HIV are living longer and their care has shifted towards the prevention and management of comorbidities. However, little is known about who is providing their care. Our objective was to characterize the provision of HIV care in Onta ...

Assessment of medical students’ attitudes on social media use in medicine: a cross-sectional study

Background: Social media has created a revolution in health services. Information available on the Internet and via social media is now being used as reference guides for sensitive health issues by nonprofessionals, physicians, and medical students. When u ...

A qualitative assessment of faculty perspectives of small group teaching experience in Iraq

Background: Although medical colleges in Iraq started recently to increasingly use small group teaching approach, there is limited research on the challenges, opportunities and needs of small group teaching in Iraq particularly in Kurdistan Region. ...

Prescription rate of medications potentially contributing to lower urinary tract symptoms and detection of adverse reactions by prescription sequence symmetry analysis

Background: The lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) increases with age and can have a significant effect on the quality of life of the patients. Elderly patients, who are often characterized by a decline in physiological functional and polypharmacy, are su ...

Clinical characteristics and biopsy accuracy in suspected cases of Sjögren’s syndrome referred to labial salivary gland biopsy

Background: Labial salivary gland biopsy (LSGB) is the most important diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of Sj?gren?s syndrome (SS), but its diagnostic value is rarely studied. This study assessed the sensibility and specificity of LSGB, and the clinical pr ...

Illness perceptions and explanatory models of viral hepatitis B & C among immigrants and refugees: a narrative systematic review

Background: Hepatitis B and C (HBV, HCV) infections are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Many countries with traditionally low prevalence (such as UK) are now planning interventions (screening, vaccination, and treatment) of high-risk immigran ...

Antifungal properties of a new terpernoid saponin and other compounds from the stem bark of Polyscias fulva Hiern (Araliaceae)

Background: In our previous studies, it was evident that the dichloromethane-methanol (1:1?v/v) stem barks extract of Polyscias fulva and fractions (ethyl acetate, n-butanol and residue) demonstrated interesting antidermatophytic activities. So, as a conti ...

Apoptosis induction associated with the ER stress response through up-regulation of JNK in HeLa cells by gambogic acid

Background: Gambogic acid (GA) was extracted from the dried yellow resin of gamboge (Garcinia hanburyi) which is traditionally used as a coloring material for painting and cloth dying. Gamboge has been also used as a folk medicine for an internal purgative ...

Caregivers’ hair cortisol: a possible biomarker of chronic stress is associated with obesity measures among children with disabilities

Background: The stress of caring for a loved one with chronic illness has been associated with childhood obesity. Hair cortisol has been proposed as a novel biomarker of chronic psychological stress. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between ca ...

Identifying named entities from PubMed®;for enriching semantic categories

Background: Controlled vocabularies such as the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS®;) and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH®;) are widely used for biomedical natural language processing (NLP) tasks. However, the standard terminology in such collections suf ...

Human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3) induces production of IFNγ and RANTES in human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs)

Background: Human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3), while infecting lower airway epithelial cells induces pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants and children, and may lead to asthma exacerbations in children and adults. Respiratory viruses invading the a ...

Transcriptome sequencing and analysis of the entomopathogenic fungus Hirsutella sinensis isolated from Ophiocordyceps sinensis

Background: Ophiocordyceps sinensis, a worm and fungus combined mixture which Hirsutella sinensis is parasitic on the caterpillar body, has been used as a traditional medicine or healthy food in China for thousands of years. H. sinensis is reported as the ...

Lessons learned from the development of a new methodology to assess missed opportunities for vaccination in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Health-related quality of life impact of a triple combination of olmesartan medoxomil, amlodipine besylate and hydrochlorotiazide in subjects with hypertension

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Biomechanical evaluation of a novel wheelchair backrest for elderly people

Background: Back pain is a common complication of wheelchair-bound elderly people. Seating system is a key factor that influences spinal curvature, back muscle activation, interface pressure, and comfortability. A seating system can maintain lumbar lordosi ...

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Peer-reviewed research articles are not included in the Health Well's catalogues which principally focus on "grey literature". 

On this page you will find summaries of research articles published in Open Access Journals and drawn down by RSS feeds from those journals . These journals cover about a quarter of all peer-reviewed journal articles and so are not comprehensive. In addition, the Health Well's topic-managers supplement these summaries with research articles from topic-related online journals.

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