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Archives of Disease in Childhood

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Does sexually transmitted infection always mean sexual abuse in young children?

Sexually transmissible infections (STIs) occupy a unique position in medicine. Like other infections, they are caused by micro-organisms specially adapted to their environment—in their case, to environments involved in human sexual behaviour (the urogenit ...

Use of high flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNCO) in infants with bronchiolitis on a paediatric ward: a 3-year experience

We read with interest the recent article by Martin and Kneyber: Is there a role for high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy to prevent endotracheal intubation in children with viral bronchiolitis?1 Respiratory support using high flow nasal cannula oxygen ( ...

Brain injury: younger is not better

Traditionally, paediatricians have sought to reassure parents of children who have suffered a devastating brain injury that children's brains are ‘plastic’, unlike adults', and that other areas will take over the function of damaged parts. This ...

Parents' and carers' perceptions of acute paediatric admissions

Introduction Establishing and maintaining partnerships with patients, parents and carers is one of the components of ‘Good Medical Practice’, according to the General Medical Council.1 Evidence of feedback from parents and carers, showing partnership, is r ...

Anti-viral drugs in flu: not that good?

Those of us who were on the front line during the 2009 H1N1 swine flu pandemic will remember giving antiviral neuraminidase inhibitors to, it seemed, almost every febrile child—particularly oseltamivir (Tamiflu), as guided by official advice. My impressio ...

Use of mid-upper arm circumference for determining overweight and overfatness in children and adolescents

Objective To assess the use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for identification of overweight and overfatness in rural South African children and adolescents. Methods Anthropometric data (weight, height, MUAC and % body fat) from a cross-sectional sam ...

Parental perspectives on evaluation and management of fever in young infants: an interview study

Background Young febrile infants typically undergo meticulous evaluation to rule out serious bacterial infection. Parental perspectives on the process of evaluation and management of febrile infants can influence treatment satisfaction and outcomes. This s ...

Charting the territory: symptoms and functional assessment in children with progressive, non-curable conditions

Background Children with progressive, non-curable genetic, metabolic, or neurological conditions require specialised care to enhance their quality of life. Prevention and relief of physical symptoms for these children needs to begin at diagnosis, yet, litt ...

Investigation and management of tall stature

Referral for an assessment of tall stature is much less common than for short stature. Although the commonest cause is an underlying familial tendency to tallness, there are important disorders that should be considered at the initial assessment. Distingu ...

Testing children of HIV-positive parents: a multidisciplinary approach

Introduction The document ‘Don't Forget the Children’ (2009) outlined that all adult HIV services should have pathways in place to ensure children of HIV positive parents are tested for HIV.1 Children born outside the UK could miss interventions to pr ...

Respiratory viruses in exacerbations of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis in children

Background Respiratory viral infections precipitate exacerbations of chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease though similar data in non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis are missing. Our study aimed to determ ...

Anxiety, depression and self-esteem in children with well-controlled asthma: case-control study

Objective Although asthma has been linked to psychological morbidity, this relationship may be confounded by poor asthma control. We aimed to compare the prevalence of anxiety, depression and low level of self-esteem in children with well-controlled asthma ...

Predictors of increasing BMI during the course of diabetes in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: data from the German/Austrian DPV multicentre survey

Objective Increased weight gain has been reported prior to disease onset (accelerator hypothesis) and as a side effect of intensified insulin therapy in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Paediatric studies are complicated by the age-dependency and gender-dependency o ...

Gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis and trichomonas in children under 13 years of age: national surveillance in the UK and Republic of Ireland

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Should steroids be used in the treatment of septic arthritis?

Scenario You are the paediatric registrar on duty when a 12-year-old boy is admitted to your ward with a strong suspicion of septic arthritis of the left knee. He plays soccer at competitive level; the boy and his parents are concerned about the long-term ...

'Living with Teenagers': feasibility study of a peer-led parenting intervention for socially disadvantaged families with adolescent children

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Paediatricians and psychiatrists working together: what works best?

Since paediatrician Joseph Brenneman wrote of ‘the menace of psychiatry’ in 19311 complaining of the ‘psychiatrising’ of children's normal behaviour, there has been recognition that the relationship between paediatricians and child and adolescent psy ...

QUESTION 1: Are subcutaneous fluids a viable alternative to intravenous therapy in rehydrating children with gastroenteritis and moderate dehydration?

Scenario You see an 18-month-old boy with diarrhoea and persistent vomiting, and diagnose gastroenteritis. There is clinical evidence of moderate dehydration. He has unfortunately not been able to tolerate oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in the department, ...

Chylothorax development in infants and children in the UK

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Investigation and management of short stature

Paediatricians need to develop a strategy for assessing and managing the short child because it is a common reason for referral to paediatric services. Understanding what is normal is a key prerequisite to the appropriate assessment of the short child. Mo ...

Journal Room

Peer-reviewed research articles are not included in the Health Well's catalogues which principally focus on "grey literature". 

On this page you will find summaries of research articles published in Open Access Journals and drawn down by RSS feeds from those journals . These journals cover about a quarter of all peer-reviewed journal articles and so are not comprehensive. In addition, the Health Well's topic-managers supplement these summaries with research articles from topic-related online journals.

The journal articles accessible on the Health Well website have been compiled from various sources that are not controlled by the Institute of Public Health in Ireland (IPH). IPH is therefore not responsible for the content of external websites and the inclusion of a link to an external website from the Health Well should not be understood to be an endorsement of that website.

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