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Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

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Seasonal variation in cardiovascular disease risk factors in a subarctic population: the Tromso Study 1979-2008

Background Seasonal changes in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may be due to exposure to seasonal environmental variables like temperature and acute infections or seasonal behavioural patterns in physical activity and diet. Investigating the seas ...

Influence of cigarette smoking on coronary artery and aortic calcium among random samples from populations of middle-aged Japanese and Korean men

Background Cigarette smoking is a risk factor of coronary heart disease. Vascular calcification such as coronary artery calcium (CAC) and aortic calcium (AC) is associated with coronary heart disease. The authors hypothesised that cigarette smoking is asso ...

Asian dust storm events are associated with an acute increase in stroke hospitalisation

Objective Asian dust storms (ADS) are long-ranged meteorological phenomena, which are suggested to be associated with several health problems. This study aimed to investigate the risk of stroke hospitalisation following ADS events by conducting a populatio ...

The effect of healthcare delivery privatisation on avoidable mortality: longitudinal cross-regional results from Italy, 1993-2003

Background During the 1990s, Italy privatised a significant portion of its healthcare delivery. The authors compared the effectiveness of private and public sector healthcare delivery in reducing avoidable mortality (deaths that should not occur in the pre ...

Using 'amenable mortality' as indicator of healthcare effectiveness in international comparisons: results of a validation study

Background and study aims There is widespread consensus on the need for better indicators of the effectiveness of healthcare. We carried out an analysis of the validity of amenable mortality as an indicator of the effectiveness of healthcare, focusing on t ...

Association between pre-eclampsia and locally derived traffic-related air pollution: a retrospective cohort study

Background Pre-eclampsia is a common complication of pregnancy and is a major cause of fetal–maternal mortality and morbidity. Despite a number of plausible mechanisms by which air pollutants might contribute to this process, few studies have investigated ...

Urban neighbourhood unemployment history and depressive symptoms over time among late middle age and older adults

Background Little is known about how a neighbourhood's unemployment history may set the stage for depressive symptomatology. This study examines the effects of urban neighbourhood unemployment history on current depressive symptoms and subsequent symp ...

Navigating non-positivity in neighbourhood studies: an analysis of collective efficacy and violence

Background In multilevel studies, strong correlations of neighbourhood exposures with individual and neighbourhood confounders may generate problems with non-positivity (ie, inferences that are ‘off-support’). The authors used propensity restriction and ma ...

Friends are equally important to men and women, but family matters more for men's well-being

Background People with larger social networks are known to have better well-being; however, little is known about (1) the association with socio-demographic factors that may predict the size and composition of social networks and (2) whether the associatio ...

Seasonal variation in cardiovascular disease risk factors in a subarctic population: the Tromso Study 1979-2008

Background Seasonal changes in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may be due to exposure to seasonal environmental variables like temperature and acute infections or seasonal behavioural patterns in physical activity and diet. Investigating the seas ...

Influence of cigarette smoking on coronary artery and aortic calcium among random samples from populations of middle-aged Japanese and Korean men

Background Cigarette smoking is a risk factor of coronary heart disease. Vascular calcification such as coronary artery calcium (CAC) and aortic calcium (AC) is associated with coronary heart disease. The authors hypothesised that cigarette smoking is asso ...

Asian dust storm events are associated with an acute increase in stroke hospitalisation

Objective Asian dust storms (ADS) are long-ranged meteorological phenomena, which are suggested to be associated with several health problems. This study aimed to investigate the risk of stroke hospitalisation following ADS events by conducting a populatio ...

The effect of healthcare delivery privatisation on avoidable mortality: longitudinal cross-regional results from Italy, 1993-2003

Background During the 1990s, Italy privatised a significant portion of its healthcare delivery. The authors compared the effectiveness of private and public sector healthcare delivery in reducing avoidable mortality (deaths that should not occur in the pre ...

Estimating EQ-5D utility values for major health behavioural risk factors in England

Background Major behavioural risk factors, namely obesity, alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of fruit and vegetable intake and physical inactivity negatively impact on self-reported quality of life. However, little is known about their impact on preferenc ...

The role of poverty in explaining health variations in 7-year-old children from different family structures: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study

Background Despite rises in reconstituted and lone-parent families, relatively little is known about how the health of children in different family types varies, and the extent to which any differences might be explained by poverty. The authors examined th ...

What types of interventions generate inequalities? Evidence from systematic reviews

Background Some effective public health interventions may increase inequalities by disproportionately benefiting less disadvantaged groups (‘intervention-generated inequalities’ or IGIs). There is a need to understand which types of interventions are likel ...

Association of objectively measured physical activity with established and novel cardiovascular biomarkers in elderly subjects: every step counts

Objective To analyse the relationship between objectively measured daily walking duration and cardiovascular biomarkers of inflammation, cardiac dysfunction and renal impairment. ...

A glossary of theories for understanding policymaking

Public health practitioners and researchers often seek to influence public policies in order to improve population health and/or reduce health inequalities. However, these efforts frequently appear to be uninformed by the many empirically-based theories a ...

Are health inequalities really not the smallest in the Nordic welfare states? A comparison of mortality inequality in 37 countries

Abstract Background Research comparing mortality by socioeconomic status has found that inequalities are not the smallest in the Nordic countries. This is in contrast to expectations given these countries’ policy focus on equity. An alternative way of stu ...

Effects of a free school breakfast programme on children's attendance, academic achievement and short-term hunger: results from a stepped-wedge, cluster randomised controlled trial

Abstract Background Free school breakfast programmes (SBPs) exist in a number of high-income countries, but their effects on educational outcomes have rarely been evaluated in randomised controlled trials. ...

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Peer-reviewed research articles are not included in the Health Well's catalogues which principally focus on "grey literature". 

On this page you will find summaries of research articles published in Open Access Journals and drawn down by RSS feeds from those journals . These journals cover about a quarter of all peer-reviewed journal articles and so are not comprehensive. In addition, the Health Well's topic-managers supplement these summaries with research articles from topic-related online journals.

The journal articles accessible on the Health Well website have been compiled from various sources that are not controlled by the Institute of Public Health in Ireland (IPH). IPH is therefore not responsible for the content of external websites and the inclusion of a link to an external website from the Health Well should not be understood to be an endorsement of that website.

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