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Neurodevelopment of 24 children born in Brazil with congenital Zika syndrome in 2015: a case series study

16 Jul 2018

Objective

To describe the neurodevelopment of children with congenital Zika syndrome during the second year of life.

Design

Case series study.

Setting

Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Pernambuco, Brazil.

Participants

24 children with congenital Zika syndrome born with microcephaly during the Zika outbreak in Brazil in 2015 and followed up at the IMIP during their second year of life.

Main outcome measure

Denver Developmental Screening Test II, head circumference and clinical neurological examination.

Results

All children presented neurodevelopmental delay: for an average chronological age of 19.9 months, language was equivalent to that of age 2.1 months, gross motor 2.7 months, fine motor/adaptive 3.1 months and personal/social 3.4 months. Head circumference remained below the third percentile for age and gender, and growth rate up to the second year of life was 10.3 cm (expected growth 13 cm). Muscle tone was increased in 23 (95.5%) of 24 children, musculotendinous reflexes were increased in the whole sample and clonus was present in 18 (77.3%) of 24 children. All children except one had epilepsy.

Conclusion

Children born with microcephaly associated with congenital Zika virus have a significant neurodevelopmental delay.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in BMJ Open