menu ☰
menu ˟

Interleukin-10 Gene-Modified Dendritic Cell-Induced Type 1 Regulatory T Cells Induce Transplant-Tolerance and Impede Graft Versus Host Disease After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

31 Aug 2017

Background/Aims: Tr1 cells can induce peripheral tolerance to self- and foreign antigens, and have been developed as a therapeutic tool for the induction of tolerance to transplanted tissue. We explored the feasibility of generating Tr1 cells by using IL-10 gene-modified recipient DCs (DCLV-IL-10) to stimulate donor naive CD4+ T cells. We also investigated some biological properties of Tr1 cells. Methods: DCLV-IL-10 were generated through DCs transduced with a lentivirus vector carrying the IL-10 gene, and Tr1 cells were produced by using DCLV-IL-10 to stimulate naive CD4+ T cells. The effects of Tr1 cells on T-cell proliferation and the occurrence of graft versus host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were investigated. Results: The DCLV-IL-10-induced Tr1 cells co-expressed LAG-3 and CD49b. Moreover, they also expressed CD4, CD25, and IL-10, but not Foxp3, and secreted significantly higher levels of IL-10 (1,729.36 ± 185.79 pg/mL; P #x3c; 0.001) and INF-γ (1,524.48 ± 168.65 pg/mL; P #x3c; 0.01) than the control T cells upon the stimulation by allogeneic DCs. Tr1 cells markedly suppressed T-lymphocyte proliferation and the mixed lymphocytic response (MLR) in vitro. The mice used in the allo-HSCT model had longer survival times and lower clinical and pathological GVHD scores than the control mice. Conclusion: IL-10 gene-modified DC-induced Tr1 cells may be used as a potent cellular therapy for the prevention of GVHD after allo-HSCT.
Cell Physiol Biochem 2017;43:353–366

Click here to view the full article which appeared in Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry