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High Frequencies of Anti-Host Reactive CD8+ T Cells Ignore Non-Hematopoietic Antigen after Bone Marrow Transplantation in a Murine Model

23 Mar 2016

Background: Graft versus host disease (GvHD) occurs in 20% of cases with patients having an MHC I matched bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Mechanisms causing this disease remain to be studied. Methods: Here we used a CD8+ T cell transgenic mouse line (P14/CD45.1+) and transgenic DEE mice bearing ubiquitously the glycoprotein 33-41 (GP33) antigen derived from the major lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) epitope to study mechanisms of tolerance in anti-host reactive CD8+ T cells after BMT. Results: We found that anti-host reactive CD8+ T cells (P14 T cells) were not negatively selected in the thymus and that they were present in wild type (WT) recipient mice as well as in DEE recipient mice. Anti-host reactive CD8+ T cells ignored the GP33 antigen expressed ubiquitously by host cells but they could be activated ex vivo via LCMV-infection. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) induced transient cell damage in DEE mice bearing anti-host reactive CD8+ T cells after BMT, suggesting that induction of host inflammatory response could break antigen ignorance. Introducing the GP33 antigen into BM cells led to deletion of anti-host reactive CD8+ T cells. Conclusion: We found that after BMT anti-host reactive CD8+ T cells ignored host antigen in recipients and that they were only deleted when host antigen was present in hematopoietic cells. Moreover, LPS-induced immune activation contributed to induction of alloreactivity of anti-host reactive CD8+ T cells after BMT.
Cell Physiol Biochem 2016;38:1343-1353

Click here to view the full article which appeared in Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry