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Cerebrospinal Fluid TDP-43 in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patients with and without the C9ORF72 Hexanucleotide Expansion

15 Apr 2016

Background: TDP-43 is the main protein component of ubiquitinated inclusions in a subgroup of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. The C9ORF72 hexanucleotide expansion is one of the main mutations associated with TDP-43 pathology in FTLD and ALS. Our aim was to analyze cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) TDP-43 levels and Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in FTLD and ALS patients and to test whether the C9ORF72 expansion carrier status affects these variables. Methods: The patient cohort consisted of 90 clinically well-characterized FTLD (n = 69) and ALS (n = 21) patients. There were 30 patients with the C9ORF72 expansion and 60 patients without the expansion. CSF TDP-43, Aβ1-42, t-tau, and phospho-tau levels were measured using commercial ELISA kits. Results: There was no difference in CSF TDP-43 levels between the C9ORF72 expansion carriers and the noncarriers. CSF TDP-43 levels were higher in ALS patients than in FTLD patients, and this finding was independent of the C9ORF72 expansion carrier status. Males had significantly higher TDP-43 levels than females (p = 0.008 in the total cohort). Conclusion: CSF TDP-43 does not seem to distinguish the C9ORF72 expansion carriers from noncarriers. However, higher CSF TDP-43 levels were detected in ALS than in FTLD, which might be an indicator of a more rapid progression of TDP-43 pathology in ALS.
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 2016;6:142-149

Click here to view the full article which appeared in Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra