menu ☰
menu ˟

Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers for the Diagnosis of Prodromal Alzheimer’s Disease in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment

12 Mar 2019

Background/Aims: Disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has led to a need for biomarkers to identify prodromal AD and very early stage of AD dementia. We aimed to identify the cutoff values of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for detecting prodromal AD. Methods: We assessed 56 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) who underwent lumbar puncture. Additionally, 87 healthy elderly individuals and 34 patients with AD dementia served as controls. Positron emission tomography was performed using florbetaben as a probe. We analyzed the concentration of Aβ1–42, total tau protein (t-Tau), and tau protein phosphorylated at threonine 181 (p-Tau181) in CSF with INNOTEST enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: For the detection of prodromal AD in patients with aMCI, the cutoff values of CSF Aβ1–42, t-Tau, and p-Tau181 were 749.5 pg/mL, 225.6 pg/mL, and 43.5 pg/mL, respectively. To discriminate prodromal AD in patients with aMCI, the t-Tau/Aβ1–42 and ­p-Tau181/Aβ1–42 ratios defined cutoff values at 0.298 and 0.059, respectively. Conclusions: CSF biomarkers are very useful tools for the differential diagnosis of prodromal AD in aMCI patients. The concentration of CSF biomarkers is well correlated with the stages of the AD spectrum.
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 2019;9:100–113

Click here to view the full article which appeared in Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra