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Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 1203: Effect of Droplet Impingement on the Weld Profile and Grain Morphology in the Welding of Aluminum Alloys

23 Jul 2018

Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 1203: Effect of Droplet Impingement on the Weld Profile and Grain Morphology in the Welding of Aluminum Alloys

Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app8071203

Authors:
Zhanhui Zhang
Jiaxiang Xue
Li Jin
Wei Wu

To achieve a better understanding of the effect of droplet impingement on the weld profile and grain morphology, welding with vertical and inclined torches in the double pulsed-gas metal arc welding of aluminum alloy were compared. When using vertical welding, the grains along the wall of the finger-like penetration (FLP) were refined by a more violent flow driven by droplet impingement running in the confined space created by FLP. When using inclined welding, the sharp inflection point disappeared and the curved columnar grains emerged on the non-impact action side, which was attributed to the gradually weakened impingement at that location. Moreover, when the penetration became shallower due to a low mean current, the droplets impinged alternately along split trajectories, causing significant changes in the grain morphology, such as creating grains which were sharply shortened by the direct impact of droplet impingement at impact point. The change of trajectory was ascribed to the variation of the width/depth ratio of FLP, which changed the magnitude of the contradiction between the room required by the fluid flow driven by droplet impingement and the space supplied for that by FLP.

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